Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Anise
Common name:

Anise

Synonym name:

Hebrew name:

כמנון האניס

Scientific name:

Pimpinella anisum

Family:

Apiaceae

Arabic name:

יאנסון / ביסבס

Shape:
annual plant
Dimensions:
0.7-0.9 m
Flowering color:
#f5efef
Flowering period:
4-6
Harvesting:
12-8
Growing areas:
The Arab villagers in the mountains of Judea and Samaria grow the anise in their gardens. In time the seeds have dispersed to natural areas, and now the anise grows in the open fields near the villages of the mountains of Judea and Samaria, And mostly in abandoned Arab villages.
Desription:
 
The anise is an annual plant from the Apiaceae family, commonly known as the celery, carrot or parsley family. It has hairy and fragrant stem that branching near the ground. The lower leaves are fastened to the stem, jagged and look like kidney. The middle leaves have serrated lobes, and the upper leaves are pinnate. The anise is a very common herbal plant in the folk medicine of the ethnic groups of Israel, as a cure mainly for infants and children diseases. It is good for constipation, abdominal pain, colds, flatulence, headaches, facial muscles deformation, regulate breathing and increasing appetite. 
 
 
How to use 
Anise decoction:  boil 2 full spoons of anise seeds in half a liter of water, for fifteen minutes. Filter, sweeten with honey and drink. 
The decoction is god For Coughs and respiratory disorders: it is also a recommended remedy to relieve flatulence, mostly for infants. If a Baby suffers from flatulence you can  give him 2-1 teaspoons from the decoction. 
This decoction is also effective against constipation, abdominal pain, headaches, and is also good for increasing appetite. 
For colds, writhing muscles of the face and regulation of breathing, you can boil 20 g of anise seeds in a liter of water. When the steams are rising from the pot cover your head with a towel, bent over the pot and breathe in the steams. 
 
Anise is one of many herbs that were found in the tombs of the kings of ancient Egypt.  It was put in the kings graves for perfuming the air and for makimg their eternal life pleasant. 
The Talmud records that anise seeds were mixed with wine to treat heart disease.
 In ancient Rome it was a common spice in pastry and a medicine for improving digestion. The Romans used to put seeds of anise in wedding cakes for increasing the sexual desire of the married couple. 
The leaves are used as an addition to salads, particularly for baby carrot salad. 
The seeds are used for flavoring alcoholic beverages. Anisette is a very popular drink mainly in Spain, France and South America, and it is also used to flavor soups. 
The popular Mediterranean alcoholic drink that is called 'arak' also contains essential oils from anise seeds. The seeds are used in candies, sweets and pastry. The essential oil produced from them is similar to the licorice flavor and is used to add flavor to medicines.