Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Common name:


Synonym name:


Hebrew name:

כרויה תרבותית

Scientific name:

Carum carvi


Apiaceae or Umbelliferae

Arabic name:


annual plant
1.3 m
Flowering color:
Flowering period:
Growing areas:
The plant Grows in agricultural fields.
Caraway is an annual herbaceous plant that sometimes can grow for two and even three years. 
Its stem is high and hollow with prominent joints and branched stalks. The leaves are lobed or pinnate and the inflorescence bloom on all the stalks in an umbel form. In the folk medicine the caraway seeds are used to treat digestive problems and Flatulence. It can also help against colds, cough and nausea. 
For digestive problems and intestinal gases:
Dip a full teaspoon of caraway seeds into a cup of boiling water and set aside for 5 to 10 minutes, sweeten with honey and drink. 
You can also grind the seeds into powder, mix it with honey and eat two teaspoons a day. Other way is to swallow half spoonful of powder and right afterwards drink a cup of water.
The main use of caraway is for flavoring pastry and confectionery, liqueurs, meat, sausages, cheeses, salads, canned vegetables, and especially for sauerkraut and soups. Caraway oil is mainly used to perfume alcohol. The young leaves are also used in soups. 
The ancient Jews of Israel grew caraway as a vegetable; the seeds were used as a spice for their foods and also as a medicinal herb to treat heart disease. Galen, a great Greek physician and scholar from the second century, mentions that caraway seeds who was immersed in water are good for sterilizing wounds, prevent infectious diseases and when we drink them it strengthens the heart. Avicenna the great Persian physician and philosopher, from the tenth century, says that drinking caraway seeds brew increases urine and opens the kidneys valves, regulates woman's  period, effective for abdominal pain and intestinal diseases. 
Maimonides recommends for drunken people who suffer from headaches to use caraway to eliminate the intoxicated affect of the alcohol. 
In the Middle Ages healers believed that caraway protects the house from thieves and also strengthen the love between couples. 
Tunisian Jews mix crushed caraway seeds with pepper and honey as a remedy for children bed-wetting. Persian Jews cook ground seeds in water add sugar and give the decoction to those who got a sudden fear. Tripoli Jews inhale the smoke from the burning of seeds to treat cholera, madness and mental disease. Moroccan Jews used caraway as an aphrodisiac and as a remedy for preventing heart attacks and intestinal infections. Yemenite Jews drink caraway brew as a remedy for cough, colds and nausea, and also in order to regulate the function of the stomach and liver.