Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Common name:


Synonym name:


Hebrew name:

תירס מצוי

Scientific name:

zea mays


Poaceae - דגניים

Arabic name:

דורא צפרא

annual plant
1-4 m
Flowering color:
Flowering period:
Growing areas:
Maize is common in agricultural fields in Israel.
Maize (corn) is a grain, growing in fields in most of Israel. It is a Monoecious plant - one male and female flowers grow on the same plant, on different inflorescences. The male flowers grow in a panicle at the top of the stem and the female flowers grow out from the leaves in spadix-shape, and this is the eatable part. In the folk medicine, the hairs of the corn are used to treat diseases of the urinary tract and kidney stones. Corn flour is considered one of the most important edible cereals that is permitted for celiac patients, because it gluten-free.
1. Decoction of corn hairs and Parsley is good for treating kidney stones.
2. Here is a recipe for corn buns that is recommended for celiac patients. it       reminds me the smell of the corn bread that my mother used to prepare; it is given with love for all celiac patients.
Corn flour buns:
Ingredients: 1 kg of corn flour, 2 cups gluten-free flour, 7 cloves of crushed garlic, a teaspoon of cumin, a teaspoon of salt, a tablespoon of sugar, a quarter cup of olive oil, 2 tablespoons paprika. 2 tablespoons yeast.
Preparation: blend all the ingredients, except paprika; knead the dough, while slowly pouring water until it becomes soft. Let the dough rise for about an hour. Make circle Pieces of dough and sprinkle paprika on their top. Place the buns on an oiled baking pan and bake.
The origin of maize is in the Americas. There it was common among the Aztecs, Mayas and Incas. Columbus called it "Miz.", in the Indians language it means "source of life". At the beginning of the 16th century maize was brought to Spain, and from there it spread to Europe, Asia and Africa. To Israel it was brought just before the First World War, it was firstly sown near the Kineret colony in the Galilee. Corn is the third most important grain growing, worldwide.  The variety of foods that are made from corn is versatile than any other grain. 
In the folk medicine of Israel it is accepted to use corn hairs and granules. Jews of Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Algeria use the hairs for diseases of the urinary tract and kidney stones. Egyptian Jews use corn flour in bandages for burns.