Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Cypress
Common name:

Cypress

Synonym name:

Hebrew name:

ברוש מצוי

Scientific name:

Cupressus sempervirens

Family:

Cupressaceae

Arabic name:

סירו

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Shape:
tree
Dimensions:
15-30 m
Flowering color:
Flowering period:
3-5
Harvesting:
1-12
Growing areas:
It does not grow wildly in Israel, but it grows in planted forests and ornamental gardens and as a hedge to block the wind.
Desription:
Cypress is an evergreen tree, in Israel it is planted and grown as a forest tree. The tree leaves are scales that are fastened to the stem. The male flowers look like small pine cones and they grow at the ends of the branches; the female flowers are larger cones, built of mushroom-like scales a. After fertilization, the female cones develop into balls and their diameter amounts to 3-2 cm.
Cypress is very common in the Israeli Arabs folk medicine for treating diabetes, bleeding gums, tooth pain and strong heartburn.
 
For treating diabetes
Boil 10 cypress cones in a liter of water about half an hour. Strain and drink from the decoction 4 - 3 cups a day.
You can also gargle the decoction for treating bleeding gums and tooth pains.
 
In the ancient Jewish sources Cypress symbols height and strength, " the tall cedars thereof, and the choice cypresses thereof" (Kings 2  19,23).  In the building of the Temple they use cypress trees to build floors, doors and walls. "he covered the floor of the temple with boards of cypress. (Kings 1  6,15).  In the Talmud it is mentioned among the four kinds of Cedars (rosh ha shana 23,71). 
Due to disputes concerning the nature of the biblical cypress, the scholars offered three identifications: Cypress, pine and juniper. 
In many nations cypress is a symbol of life and therefore they tend to plant it in cemeteries areas.