Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Common name:


Synonym name:

River Red gum, Blue gum tree

Hebrew name:

אקליפטוס המקור

Scientific name:

Eucalyptus camaldulensis



Arabic name:

קאפור עפי شجرة الكينا

35-40 m
Flowering color:
Flowering period:
Growing areas:
Tall and wide eucalyptus trees adorn the landscape of Israel, and they are a green evidence of the generation of pioneers that planted them in order to drain the swamps. Israel JNF organization planted lots of eucalyptus trees in forests and even continues today.
River red gum Eucalyptus is an Evergreen tree from the Myrtaceae family. Its leaves are Subulate (awl-shaped) and its flowers color is white or yellow. The tree bark is smooth and it cracking into thin layers. In folk medicine the eucalyptus is used for treating fever, diphtheria, asthma and ulcers. It is also used in cases of severe cough, lung disease and sore throat. The essential oil that is produced from the leaves is very useful for treating respiratory diseases. 
For respiratory deases:
Dip two handfuls of fresh green leaves in a liter of boiling water. Wait for about 10 minutes, drain the brew and pour it into the humidifier. You can also drip 5 drops of essential oil into the steam diffuser. The eucalyptus smell that is spread by the steams is perfuming the air and makes it easier for the patient to breathe. 
River Red gum Eucalyptus was brought to Israel at the end of the 19th century from Australia and Algeria. In those days Many eucalyptus trees was planted in Israel mostly in Hadera, Petah Tikva and Rosh Pina, in order to drain the swamps and reduce the risk of being infected by malaria. 
In the Australian folk medicine the leaves of the eucalyptus were used as a poultice for all types of wounds and infections. 
Moroccan Jews brew the leaves in Arak and drink as a remedy for influenza, typhoid and measles. Algerian Jews use the essential oil that extracted from the leaves as ear drops for inflammation and pain. Yemenite Jews prepare Eucalyptus inhalation as a remedy for respiratory disinfection, by boiling leaves in water, and the water also used as a shampoo to strengthen the hair roots. 
There are many medical uses of eucalyptus oil. It can be found in capsules and pills, liquid extract, powder, inhalers as a drug component and even more. All of these medicines have the characteristic smell of eucalyptus. 
Homeopaths claim that eucalyptus oil can be used as stimulant, raises mood, antispasmodic and antiseptic. In folk medicine the oil is used for treating fever, diphtheria, asthma and ulcers. It is also used in cases of severe cough, lung disease and sore throat.