Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Garden cress
Common name:

Garden cress

Synonym name:

Rashad

Hebrew name:

שחלים תרבותיים

Scientific name:

Lepidium sativum

Family:

Brassicaceae - המצליבים

Arabic name:

Shape:
annual plant
Dimensions:
0.3-0.5 m
Flowering color:
#f7eeee
Flowering period:
3-5
Harvesting:
1-8
Growing areas:
It grows in the edges of cultural fields, especially on the coastal plain. Today it is grown in spices gardens and home gardens.
Desription:
The plant is very common among the Israel Jewish and Arab communities as a remedy for cough, headaches, physical weakness, depression, irritability, festering wounds, pain during pregnancy, inflammation and swelling of the eyes.
 
 
The plant is sold in markets and its seeds are sold in spice stores.
For treating cough, headaches, physical weakness and Hyperthyroidism:
 Pulverize a full spoon of seeds. Mix it in a glass of warm milk and drink. 
Other way is to grind 5 heaping tablespoons of seeds into a powder and mix it with 5 tablespoons of honey. Eat three teaspoons of the medicine between meals, per day. 
 
The green leaves of Rashad and especially the sprouts are a popular vegetable in salads; it gives a spicy delicate flavor.
 
 
Our ancestors from the Mishnah times grew Garden cress in their gardens. In those times there was a village that was called after the Hebrew name of the plant shakhalim and its villagers grew and sold rashad.