Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Garland chrysanthemum
Common name:

Garland chrysanthemum

Synonym name:

Chrysanthemum morifolium. Chrysanthemum segetum, Chrysanthemum viscosum, Chrysanthemum frutescens

Hebrew name:

חרצית עטורה

Scientific name:

Chrysanthemum coronarium

Family:

compositae or Asteraceae

Arabic name:

ביסבס يسوم ، بسباس

Shape:
annual plant
Dimensions:
0.3 - 0.6 m
Flowering color:
#f1d146
Flowering period:
3-5
Harvesting:
2-5
Growing areas:
It is common In almost all regions of Israel: in uncultivated fields, roadsides and near Cities.
Desription:
garland chrysanthemum Also called crown dazy is an annual plant – belongs to the Asteraceae (or Composita) family. it grows in uncultivated fields , sides of roads, near  settlements, mostly on nitrogen-rich soils .
The plant stem is erect and it has lobed leaves, his yellowish flowers aresitting on the head of the stem. All parts of the plant exude a characteristic odor, especially when they are crushed or trampled.
The Arab villager's woman collects the leaves of garland chrysanthemum, and uses them for their salad. In Arab folk medicine it is used for Pain Relief during menstruation and as a remedy for migraine.
How to use
 
Water Tincture of leaves and stems: Soak 100 g of leaves and stems in a liter of water (recomnded distilled water), for a week - preferably in a tightly closed glass vessel. After a week strain it and keep it in the refrigerator. There it can stay for a long time.
 
For headaches we can sponge a bandage intoa bowl filled with thetincture and put it on the forehead.
 
For treating women's diseases , regulating menstrual disorders and to stop the contractions of the uterus. Drink half a cup from the tincture, a day.
 
For prevention of migraines & headaches we can alsoEat fresh stalks at spring time, or even drink a tea brew from dried flowers. Dosage : half a teaspoon of dried flowers into a glass of water.
 
For eye Barley, cysts, and severe eye infections. use infusion of fresh or dried flowers. Put a spoon of the flowers in a cup of boiling water, after 10 minutes Strain it and mix half of the brew with another cup of boiled water. Let it cool and wash the eyes with it. In the remaining half, dip a piece of cloth and put it on the eyes. 
 

 

The opinion of N. Reuven (israelyplant researcher ) is that the origin of the Hebrew name of Chrysanthemum, hartzit,  stems from "harotz", which means in the old testament - gold. This name also appears in Book of Proverbs ( ig,ig ) : "reached – Smartness better from 'harotz'-gold and wisdom more than silver". In ancient Egypt  Chrysanthemum was Ornamental plant.  The flowers and seeds was brought as offerings to the kings and rollers, for insuring them prosperity in internal life.