Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Common name:


Synonym name:

great round-beaded garlic

Hebrew name:

שום הגינה

Scientific name:

Allium sativum



Arabic name:


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perennial plant
0.3-1 m
Flowering color:
Flowering period:
Growing areas:
Grows in vegetable and spice gardens.


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garlic is a Perennial herb from the Liliaceae family. It grows as a vegetable garden.
in the folk medicine Garlic Cloves are effective to treat infections, get rid of intestinal worms, to treat infections, inflammation, viral diseases, colds, chest problems, digestive disorders, fungal infections, heart and blood vessels problems; reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood and the risk of arteriosclerosis and thrombosis. Expanding peripheral blood vessels and reduce blood pressure.
Eating 3-6 cloves of garlic a day is effective for treating intestinal parasites, infections, colds, diseases of the digestive system and lower blood pressure.
Another method for treating intestinal parasites in children and adults is to peel a clove of garlic, small for children and large for adults, and to insert it to the anus (first its sharp side). You must be careful not to wound the garlic clove, because the rectal tissue is very sensitive and the clove may burn it. 
For treating heart problems, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and more:
Soak 3 crushed garlic cloves in a glass of water overnight. Strain and drink it in the morning. 
Other way is regularly eating one garlic clove a day. 
Garlic nature is hot and it can irritate the stomach and cause heartburn.  Babies may be turned off from breast feeding because of its sharpness. so it should not be taken in medical dosage during pregnancy and lactation.
Below is a useful and tested recipe that my mother was preparing, to treat strep throat. Its main ingredient is garlic and its Moroccan name is "Hashu" soup.
The ingredients are: 10 cloves of garlic, a cup of semolina , a tablespoon of fenugreek seeds, leaves and stems of coriander , a handful of mint leaves, black pepper, a pinch of salt, 3 tablespoons of olive oil and 4 cups of water.
Preparation: Pour the semolina mixture into a pan (with no oil) and toast it lightly while stirring (2-3 minutes). Chop the garlic, coriander and mint leaves very thinly, put them in a pot, and add the remaining ingredients except the toasted semolina. Cook on a low flame for half an hour then add the semolina, little by little, while stirring in order to make the soup will come out fine. Serve it warm to the patient.


Garlic is a spice in many foods and dishes: roast beef, pickled vegetables, salads, sauces, sausages, soups, seafood tomatoes and beans bread. In the recent decades the value of dried garlic increased and it is sold over supermarkets as garlic powder, chopped garlic, sliced garlic, crushed garlic, frozen and even garlic salt.
Already in ancient Egypt garlic was grown as gardens vegetable, the bible book Numbers (11, 5), reads: "We remember the fish, which we were wont to eat in Egypt for nought; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlic"
The Mishnah Sages listed the positive qualities of garlic: "satisfying, brings cheerful mood and increases sperm and kills intestinal worms."
The Great Physician Hippocrates from the 4th BC notes that garlic is antiseptic, cure stomach ailments, asthma, cough, leprosy and worms.
Assaf Harofeh, (Assaf Ben Berachyahu) the ancient Jewish doctors indicates: "garic overpowering any kinds of poisons and helpful for snake bites"
Maimonides praises the garlic and says that it's good for diseases of the digestive tract. 
The name Garlic comes from an old Saxon word meaning spear or spear plant, perhaps because of its hot taste. The plant scientific name 'Allium' comes from the Celtic language. And it means burning, and expresses its sharpness taste. 
The Roman poet Horace (65 -8 BC) complains  about Spicy garlic to Midas, "You feeding me with garlic, it is devils tool, the guts of reapers can suffer it. But in my body it is burning like scowls monster.