Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Liquorice
Common name:

Liquorice

Synonym name:

Hebrew name:

שוש קרח

Scientific name:

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Family:

Fabaceae - been family

Arabic name:

ערק א-סוס عرق السوس

Shape:
shrub
Dimensions:
0.8-1 m
Flowering color:
#af86f4
Flowering period:
5-10
Harvesting:
1-12
Growing areas:
he licorice grows in wetland habitats in the coastal plains, in the mountains, inland valleys and the Golan Heights. The plant prefers flooded lands and places where the ground water is high.
Desription:
 
Licorice is a shrub belonging to the Fabaceae or been family. Its leaves shape is alternate and pinnate; its fruit is a flat legume with about 7 seeds. The plant expands through a system of branching roots that spread in the ground. 
It is very common herb in the folk and modern medicine as a remedy for ulcers, cough, hoarseness, respiratory disease, kidney stones, skin diseases, liver disease, dizziness, constipation, high fever, sore throat, blood diseases and asthma. 
 
 
How to use 
A Very effective treatment for cough: 
Boil 100 g of licorice roots in a liter of water, for an hour. Fifteen minutes before the end of cooking add to the liquid a handful of flax seeds. The seeds contain mucus that cover and protects the mucous membranes. The mucus prevents contact between the stimulants and the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. After an hour of boiling, drain the decoction and drink from it half a cup a day.
This decoction is also recommended for the treatment of hoarseness, sore throat, respiratory diseases, liver disease, dizziness and constipation. 
 
The plant appears in our Jewish sources as one of the plants which were covering the sukkah "here Sooshi (Licorice) and cover with" (Sukkah XIII). 
Theophrastus from Lesbos, one of Aristotle great students who is often considered as the "father of botany" for his works on plants, often praise the Licorice and says: "it has a quality when you hold it in your mouth, it calm the thirst ". 
in China they call licorice "the big toxins remover" and they believe that the licorice cleanses the body from toxins. The Licorice Hebrew name - shosh was preserved until nowadays by the Israeli Arabs. From its roots they prepare a drink that known in the name sus, similar to the name of the plant, and is sold in the markets of the largest cities in Judea and Samaria.