Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Common name:


Synonym name:

wild marigold

Hebrew name:

ציפורני חתול תרבותיות

Scientific name:

Calendula officinalis


Asteraceae המורכבים

Arabic name:

קוקחאן کالاندولا

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annual plant
0.30-0.50 m
Flowering color:
Flowering period:
Growing areas:
The plant grows in gardens and parks as an ornamental flower, in winter and spring.
garden marigold, also called Calendula, is a short annual plant with elongated or oval leaves and large spread, yellow or orange, lowers. Calendula is the most common garden plant, blooming in midwinter when  most of the flowers are still havent blossom .
Calendula scientific name " Calendula officinalis " means " First Month". It was given to it thanks to its habit to open at the morning and close at night. His Hebrew name, cat's toenails – "tzipornei hatul, implies to its fruit that are sharpened an hooked like cat's claws.
The calendula is widely accepted in Folk medicine as a cure for skin problems, swelling, inflammation in the mouth, sores and pains during menstruation.

Calendula brew: pour hot water on full spoon of calendula flowers and leaves until the glass is half full. Let the brew to cool down at least for 10-20 minutes and strain it.

For eye infections dilute the brew with a cup of boiling water, cool it, and wash the eyes.
Treatment for wounds and infections in the gums and mouth: gargle the brew for a minute or two.
For swellings in the body: Dip number of leaves in hot water, place them on the swollen area and bandage it.
For inflamed and cracked skin: Spread few drops of Calendula oil ( sold in natural stores and pharmacies ) on the inflamed skin .
The 12th century Herbalist, Meyser, claimed that bylooking at the calendula you clarify the mind, delight the heart and refining the sight.  Nicholas Culpeper an herbal doctor and astrologist, who lived in the 17th century, claimed that common Marigold joys the heart and heals pox and measles. Due to the extensive use of the plant in the former Soviet Union countries it was nicknamed the" Russian penicillin".