Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Myrtle
Common name:

Myrtle

Synonym name:

Hebrew name:

הדס מצוי

Scientific name:

Myrtus communis

Family:

Myrtaceae

Arabic name:

الآس نبات عطري ריחאן / אס

Shape:
shrub
Dimensions:
0.8-1 m
Flowering color:
#fefbfb
Flowering period:
5-8
Harvesting:
1-12
Growing areas:
Wildly Grows in the Galilee, Carmel, Golan Heights and Mount Hermon. It is grown as well as an ornamental plant in gardens of houses and public parks.
Desription:

Plant description

Evergreen shrub from the Myrtaceae family. Grows wildly in the north of Israel and is very popular in gardens and parks. It has white openly flowers and blue-black juicy fruit, that looks like tiny pomegranate. All the parts of the plant have an aromatic special smell.
In the Israeli herbal medicine the myrtle is one of the valued plants, its most important medical uses are: treatment of dermatitis in infants, hair loss, intestinal infections, healing bruises, and relieving constipation and asthma. 
 
 
How to use:
 
Myrtle Talc: dehydrate myrtle leaves and grind them into powder.
Myrtle cream: Mix the powder with olive oil until you get a greenish ointment.
Myrtle Tea: soak in a cup of boiling water two full teaspoons of dried or green myrtle leaves. You can add a teaspoon of honey for sweetening.
 
For Strengthening the hair roots and hairless prevention: Dip your fingers in the ointment and massage the scalp.
 
For babies Irritated skin: Spread the ointment on the irritated place of their body. You can also use the myrtle powder for the same purpose.
 
For Healing bruises and sores: put some ointment on a bandage and cover the wound with it.
 
For Intestinal infections, constipation and gastric ulcer: it's recommended to drink myrtle tea ( 2-3 cups a day). Very effective!
 
For Asthma and Breathing difficulties: boil 100 gram green leaves in hot water. When the steam starts to form, put a towel over your head, lean above the steam and breathe in.
 
 
The myrtle is being mentioned already in the Leviticus book as one of the four varieties that the Jews pick on Sukkoth holiday (the Feast of Tabernacles).  
The myrtle is one of the most important scent plants. The Israelis that came from Europe (Ashkenazim) called their perfume box, like his Hebrew name - "hadas". Our ancestors describe in the Talmud each botanical part of the plant and they also used it as a medicinal plant, especially for babies.