Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Palestine oak
Common name:

Palestine oak

Synonym name:

tabor oak

Hebrew name:

אלון מצוי

Scientific name:

Quercus calliprinos


Fagaceae (oak)

Arabic name:


2-6 m
Flowering color:
Flowering period:
Growing areas:
The oak is one of the typical woods of mountains and hills. It Grows mainly on terra rossa soils, Rendzina, limestone, and loam soils, sometimes it even grows in deep earthen pockets between rocks. It can be found in the Galilee, Golan, Hermon, Judea and Samaria.
Palestine oak is an Evergreen tree from the Fagaceae (oak) family. The oak together with the Pistacia tree are the natural woods of the hills and mountain areas of Israel. Its leaves are solid and have dentate and even toothed margins; they are also bald and shiny on both sides. The flowers are small; they bloom on small branches in yellow-green color.
The oak fruit, cupule, root and bark are all used by the Israeli Arabs for making medicine for various body diseases including ulcers, abdominal pain, diarrhea, children
bedwetting, Tendency to abortion in the early months of pregnancy, coughing with blood and intestinal tract cancer.
For treating diarrhea 
Boil 10 peeled acorns in a liter of water about half an hour, strain and drink as tea. The tea tastes bitter; it shrinks the tongue and the oral cavity, but is very effective for the treatment of diarrhea.
For treating stomach aches and diarrhea:
During the time of the oak flowering, you can gather the yellow colored flower earrings and make from them tea. The dosage is one full Spoon for a cup of boiling water. Strain and drink 3 cups a day.
For treating Urinary incontinence:
Peel the oak fruit (acorns), crush and cook the acorns in water for half an hour. 
Quantity: 10 Acorns on a liter of water. Strain and drink two cups a day. You can also mix the decoction with walnut shells, the dosage: 5 of each one of them in a liter of water.
In past the oak covered most of the Mediterranean woodlands of Israel. The oak Is one of the trees that mentioned in the Bible a lot "and he is strong like the oaks" (Amos 2,9) . You can find very old oak near the Muslim holy places. 
The acorns of oak were used as food in rush and hard days.  During the famine of the First World War, many people were fed by oak acorns. The bark was used for tanning. Maimonides notes that oak fruits are fattening. In the book "Treasure of Life" that was written by Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchak Tzahalon, in Italy, 400 years ago, it is written that acorns are difficult to digest and stop the stomach.