Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Phoenician rose
Common name:

Phoenician rose

Synonym name:

Dog rose

Hebrew name:

ורד צידוני

Scientific name:

Rosa phoenicia

Family:

Rosaceae

Arabic name:

ורד ג'ורי

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Shape:
shrub
Dimensions:
2-3 m
Flowering color:
#f9f1f1
Flowering period:
5-8
Harvesting:
1-12
Growing areas:
The phoenician rose is growing on the banks of streams, near springs and wetlands margins. Common in the upper Galil and Kineret Valley, the Valley of Acre , Carmel , Samaria, the southern lowland and the Sharon area.
Desription:

Spreading:

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Phoenician rose is a thorny bush growing near water sources like streams and lakes.  
Its leaves are Complex and pinete, its leaflets are elliptic and has serrate edges. The fruit is a berry like a little pear and when it ripens its color is red. The taste of the fruit sweet and sour.
In the Folk medicine of the Israeli Arabs rosewater are used to treat ear and eyes infections, headaches
 
In the vegan medicine the rose fruits are called " Rose tubers " and under this name they are sold in natural or health stores. The rose tubers contain a considerable amount of vitamin C and because of that it is recommended as a treatment for colds. 
In the late summer when the fruits are ripening, their color becomes bright red. Then we can pick the fruit; take out the seeds and remove the hairy cover of them. Then we will hand up with the fruit peels. Cook a full tablespoon of the peels in a glass of water for about 5 minutes, drain, sweeten it with honey and drink 3 cups a day.
 
The decoction can also help to prevent Cystitis
 
The rose oil or rose water are good for healing bruises and burns. 
For ear infections we can drip one or two drops of rose oil into the ear. 
For eye infections put a patch of rose oil on the eyes.
Drinking a glass of rose water or oil is a good treatment for: constipation , gastrointestinal worms , strep throat and cough.
 
 
From the ancient Hebrew literature it appears that the rose bush was used a lot for healing and for trading. The mishnah sages tells that rosewood had to be in fallow year: " Rose and the hena tree ... they have the seventh year" ( Seventh 7, 6 ). 
In those days they had many uses with rose bush: gardening, decoration, preparation of rose water and rose oil, cosmetics, medicine, food, dyeing of fabrics. In the Mishnah book it is written that: "Royal princes [however], may anoint their wounds with rose oil, since it is their practice to anoint themselves with it on weekdays. " (Shabba, 14,4). 
Pliny the elder, a roman author and naturalist from the first century AD, writes that soakage of rose flower in oil or wine is an effective cure for pains in the womb and dysentery. 
Asaf harofe (Asaf the doctor), a famous Jewish physician from the sixth century a.d. who gathered lots of herbal recipes from all over the world, recommends using dried rose petals to treat stomach ailments. 
in the eastern Israeli communities drinking rosewater is good to treat constipation, gastrointestinal worms, eye infections and for strengthening the heart and dissolving kidney stones.