Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Common name:


Synonym name:

Hebrew name:

צנון הגינה

Scientific name:

Raphanus sativus


Arabic name:


annual plant
Flowering color:
Flowering period:
Growing areas:
Grows in vegetable gardens and farms in most parts of Israel


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Garden radish  is a thickened fleshy root. It has a bit blue stem, the leaves arranged like a rosette, very hairy and shaped like a violin. The flowers are white and the seeds are Black and spherical.

Cut in half, two big radish, cut a hole in each half and fill it with sugar. Sugar draws fluid from the root. Drinking fluids is a very recommended treatment for hoarseness and cough.

You can also squeeze the liquid through a food processor; sweeten it with honey and drink.

The radish is an ancient cultural growth that was very common in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, and was used for ritual purposes. 
Some researchers think the origin of radish is in the Eastern Mediterranean. Radish was a common cultural growth over Israel, since it was considered as: stimulates the appetite and at the same time easy to digest. Legend has said "radish and zucchini had been always served on their table (Rabbi and Caesar), during hot days and during midwinter" (Babylonian Talmud, Berachot MA). The radish was grown also because of the oil that is stored in its seeds, and was used for lighting candles. Maimonides points out that eating radish "will heel voice hoarseness." Assaf the jew the famos ancient doctor says about radish oil "it will help the elderly to restore their life force, will warm the kidneys, and multiply the sperm and will help to add wheight, remove laziness and improve cough and lungs illnesses.