Herbs of the Holyland by Nissim Krispil

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Spiny Hawthorn
Common name:

Spiny Hawthorn

Synonym name:

Hebrew name:

עוזרר קוצני

Scientific name:

Crataegus aronia


Rosaceae - ורדניים

Arabic name:


1.5-2.5 m
Flowering color:
Flowering period:
Growing areas:
Common in the Mediterranean woodlands of Israel and is one of the ancient plants of the region. it grows in the Judea and Samaria, until the slopes of the Jordan Valley.
Hawthorn is a Shrub or tree from the family Rosaceae. Its main trunk diverge into sharp edges branches. It leaves are pointed at their base and lobed at their heads. The flowers grow on short branches in dens mock- umbels, in white color. The fruit is a berry-like small apple. During ripening it becomes yellow in color and very tasty.     .
The hawthorn Fruits, leaves, flowers and bark are used in the traditional medicine to heal heart disease, high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, high blood cholesterol, difficulty in breathing, nervous attacks, seizures, insomnia, asthma, throat infections and irregular periods.
For treating heart diseases and more:
Dip 2 heaping teaspoons of hawthorn flowers in a glass of boiling water. Wait 5- minutes and drink. The recommended dosage is 3-2 glasses a day for a month. 
This treatment improves the blood flow in the coronary arteries and thereby reduces the risk of angina pectoris.
Israeli Arabs use its fruits for making jams called "Tattlat Za'arur." There are also farmers who blanch the fruit, add grape juice and prepare from it a drink called "Sharab Za'arur" - Hawthorn Wine. Its hard bark is used for making hand grinder for grinding coffee beans and spices.
How to use
Israeli Arabs call the tree Za'arur - means small.
 According to ancient myths, Hawthorn grew from the lightning. In ancient Greek the tree was considered auspicious and it became a symbol of the unity of married couple. In the wedding ceremonies, invited guests held torches from its branches, for lighting the way for the couple to the wedding chamber. 
In French it was called "noble thorn" because they believed that  Jesus Crown of thorns was made from Spiny Hawthorn. This faith, made the Hawthorn as a very appreciated tree in the Christian community. "lightning or a storm will not be able to hit any person who hold a branch from the tree; evil spirits will not be able to visit houses that hold in Hawthorn".